Web Hosting Questions and Answers
Web hosting is a process of buying a server space for making websites available on the Web.
Once your website is made available on the internet, it can be accessed by other computers
connected to the internet.
Hosting service provider offers web hosting services.
A hosting provider will setup server spaces and functions according to the needs of the users with a specific charge.
cPanel is one of the popular web hosting control panel for managing hosting services.
cPanel allows you to manage domains, databases, emails and website settings, through a web interface which can be managed by anyone who is having basic technical knowledge.
A data center is a large group of computer servers that are connected together which centralizes the operations and equipments used. Data center is essential to store, manage, process, and distribute large amounts of data.
Uptime means the amount of time the server is stayed up and running.
Downtime determines the amount of time the server keeps offline or not functioning well.
A domain name is simply a Website identification name. In definition, Domain name is a unique address on the internet to identify a single IP address or group of IP addresses.
It is difficult for humans to remember each and every IP address and because of this domain names are developed.
Domain name registration is the process of reserving a name on the internet for a certain period of time. The registration process is controlled by ICANN.
DNS stands for Domain Name System. DNS is naming system, which connects the domain name with their IP address.
A DHCP Server is a network server that automatically assigns dynamic IP addresses to DHCP clients within your local network.It relies on the standard protocol known as Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol or DHCP.
There are six most commonly used hosting types,
1) Shared hosting
2) Virtual private server (VPS) hosting
3) Dedicated server hosting
4) Cloud hosting
5) Reseller hosting
6) Colocation Web hosting( Normal)
Shared hosting means, A website can host under a server shared by other websites.
All domains will share the same server resources like RAM, CPU etc. Costs of this type of hosting will be comparatively low.
Bandwidth describes the maximum amount of data that can be transferred via an internet provider within a specific time period.
When it comes to web hosting, bandwidth refers to the rate at which data can be transferred between a website and computers connected to it within a specific time.
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, which is used to transfer files between computers on the internet.
Using FTP, a client can upload, download, delete, rename, move and copy files on a server.
A Database is an organized collection of data, which can be easily managed and updated.
Data is arranged in the form of rows and columns in a table format and all the data are indexed to make an easier way for finding information.
IP stands for Internet Protocol. The IP address is a unique address used for each device connected to a network so that it can send and receive data over the network.
The most commonly used versions of IP today are IP Version 4 (IPv4) and IP Version 6 (IPv6).
Dedicated hosting provides servers to customers which have full access to the server resources like CPU, Memory and Disk space.
The customer has complete control over the dedicated server so it has more performance, flexibility and can configure the security according to the customer needs.
Collocation hosting means customer rent some “rack space” from a data center. This means customers are responsible for the server software, data storage, backup procedures, etc. If hardware fails, customers are responsible for replacing it and getting the server back up and running.
VPS stands for Virtual private server. Virtual private servers share one physical server but act like multiple, separate servers called virtual machines (VM).
Each virtual machine is independent and the customer has the administrative privileges (root-access).
WHMCS is client management software for online business.
It is most commonly used in web hosting business for client management, Billing, Client Support, Domain Registration System and Management Client Automatic Invoice, Billing Reminder, Hosting and Domain Order System Product, Service Ordering, Support ticket requests and many more features.
Cloud Linux is a linux based operating system including kernel level technology (LVE). Cloud Linux is advanced for better security, resource management and performance optimizations.
This feature helps hosting service providers and datacenters provide better support to their customers.
The hosting provider will provide complete help with managing their servers. The support team will help customers with every technical request they are having.
Semi-managed server means our support department will handle any hardware, operating system, or basic configuration issues which may arise with your server. Some examples of issues we will assist with on a semi-managed server may include but are not limited to:
– Adding additional IP addresses
– DNS management
– Re-installations of the operating system and control panel
– Kernel upgrades
– Load issues
– Hardware failure
– Network related issues
– Basic task automation
– Basic firewall setup or troubleshooting
– Troubleshooting of pre-existing configurations
– Assistance with some other common issues
Both POP3 and IMAP are protocols used between mail clients and email servers to access messages. These protocols allow people to use programs like Outlook, Thunderbird, Apple Mail and mobile devices to manage their email. The way these protocols work, however, is very different.
POP3 downloads messages off the server to the mail client and can be configured to delete the messages of the server, save them on the server for a specified period or leave them indefinitely.
IMAP synchronizes messages and folders between the mail client and the server which can be especially useful for working on multiple computers and devices. IMAP also keeps track of message status and conveniently synchronizes messages as read or unread across all connected computers and devices
A Linux server is a most commonly used type of servers which is running with any of the Open source operating system based on Linux. It is widely used because of its security and capability of handling most of the major server based requirements such as web server, DB server, web and mobile application server etc. The commonly used server Operating systems are Centos, Debian, Ubuntu, FreeBSD etc.
Windows Server is a group of operating systems designed by Microsoft that supports enterprise-level management, data storage, applications, and communications. Windows Server is generally capable of providing server-oriented services, such as the ability to host a website, user management, resource management across users and applications, messaging, security and many other server-focused services.
WHM (Web Hosting Manager) is the administrative console for cPanel based web hosting servers. WHM, specifically, allows backend access to cPanel, letting you perform several operations and functions you would otherwise be unable to do. WHM is used to create individual accounts, add domains to your server, manage hosting features, and performing basic system and control panel maintenance.
SMTP is a standard TCP/IP protocol used for email sending and receiving process on a network. The SMTP server controls the pickup and delivery of an email like a postman is doing. The default SMTP port is 25.
Wordpress is a most commonly used content management system. We can customize the platform as per our requirements. It is a PHP based CMS and there are a lot of plugins are available to manage things in a simple way. There are many simple websites, shopping carts, blogs etc. are created with this platform.
PHPMyAdmin is an open-source database management tool. It can be installed on the server and access via any web browser graphically and can control the databases such as MySQL, MariaDB. We can do almost all the common operations such as the DB creation, Table creation, editing, removal backup and restore etc.
Softaculous is a software auto installer for control panels that can install scripts and PHP classes. It is fast, well designed, and widely used in the hosting industry as it helps install applications with the click of a button. A wide variety of applications are available to be easily installed, including web portals, e-commerce solutions, content management systems, blogs, polls, forums and more. Softaculous also has an easy-to-use backup feature, allowing for the backup of installations at any time.